7th GENDER SUMMIT – Europe
Berlin, 6 – 7 November 2015
REPORT FROM THE 2015 EUROPEAN GENDER SUMMIT
TO THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION AND EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT
Research and Innovation Quality through Equality:
Mastering Gender in Research Performance, Context and Outcomes
- Executive Summary
Three gender concerns dominated the debate at the Summit:
- The persistence of the ‘leaky pipeline’, still 80% of professors are men
- Implicit gender bias in assessment of scientific merit of women and men, which favours the success of men (in promotion, in awarding grants, in selection to teams, etc.)
- Gender bias in science knowledge, which produces science that has more evidence for men than for women, resulting in outcomes that are often poorer for women than for men.
Three gender-mainstreaming actions stood out as effective enablers of lasting change:
- Gender equality plans initiated from the top leaders, rooted in legislation, and supplied with field-specific expert panels have proved effective and should be encouraged
- Quotas have shown to lead to rapid increase of women in higher positions and in panels and should be accompanied by powerful incentives and/or sanctions
- New and transparent transnational indicators and criteria are needed for evaluation of scientific merit to counteract the “leaky pipeline” and the unconscious negative bias in the assessment of excellence of women.